The Diamond



In the summer of 1795 when Protestant Orange Boys (a club started in Tyrone in 1792 by James Wilson - a near relative of Daniel Winter) heard of the Defenders plan to burn all the Protestant homes in the Richhill, Kilmore and Loughgall districts. The Protestants prepared themselves for action and they congregated from various quarters to a position at the Diamond.


The early hours of 21st September 1795 was the climax of fighting. From opposite hills overlooking the Diamond Crossroads, the Defenders were on Faughart Hill (Tullymore) and the Orange Boys and their allies on the Diamond Hill, (Grangemore) the fighting began.


Cottage at the Diamond Crossroads,

(which had the thatched roof set on fire).

A farmer named Daniel Winter and his sons owned the field of action between the two hills, the ancestral home in the farmyard and the property at the Diamond Crossroads.

During the fighting, the property at the crossroads was burned and became uninhabitable. Daniel Winter and his sons defended their property as long as possible, having to retreat to the Diamond Hill when the thatch was fired.










Ancestral home at the Farmyard

Following the skirmish, the main leaders including James Wilson, Daniel Winter and James Sloan needed to get away from the throng to plan and think. The first embryonic meeting of the Orange Order as we know it took place in the Winter ancestral home in the farmyard 200 yards from the Diamond Crossroads. They needed a representative readily available to act for the whole body. James Sloan was chosen as Secretary. He was an educated man, a former Schoolmaster, who owned an Inn on the Main Street in Loughgall.

Discussion took place to outline the new organisation and it was decided to hold further discussions later in the house of James Sloan in Loughgall.



For further information on Dan Winter's Ancestral Cottage (Farmyard)



For further information on Dan Winter's Cottage at the Crossroads




Diamond Memorial



The Diamond Memorial, situated on the Derryloughan Road, mid-way between the two Winter Cottages. The memorial was unveiled on 21st September 1995 to mark the centenary of the Battle of the Diamond.




County Armagh Grand Orange Lodge 2008


Design and Development by Jim Reaney